Archbishop of Armagh is the leader of the Catholic Church in Ireland. flashcard set{{course.flashcardSetCoun > 1 ? Oxford Companion to Irish History, p. 462. [41] This resulted in Ulster alone returning 38 MPs to the Irish Parliament with the three other provinces altogether contributing 36, giving the government a majority of 32. Other Media Available [39], The outbreak of the American War of Independence in 1776 had an important impact on Ireland. Did you know… We have over 220 college This article questions these assum,ptions. 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For centuries, the Church of Ireland was a hated symbol that represented the British oppressors who were predominantly Protestant. Their work was printed in 1602. Throughout the reigns of Elizabeth I and James I, several plantations occurred seeing the arrival of British settlers, the majority of which were Protestant. 200-2. That meant that poor Irish farmers, who were overwhelmingly Catholic, were forced to give money to a church they did not believe in or attend. [32] In contrast, the Catholics, who suffered worst of all from the Penal Laws, chose to remain in Ireland, staying as close as possible to the parish of their ancestors. Dublin and two of the 'border counties' were over 20% Protestant. Oxford Companion to Irish History, p. 120. [28] Whilst Protestants also guilty of disloyalty were to lose some of their estates, they ended up being given fines, the majority of which were never paid. In the 2011 census of Northern Ireland, 48% (883,768) described themselves as Protestant, which was a decline of approximately 5% from the 2001 census. Is Ireland Protestant or Catholic? 493-4. In 1991, however, all but four counties were less than 6% Protestant; the rest were less than 1%. [33], The Palatines responded well to the teachings of Methodism, with John Wesley visiting them several times. "'A vestigial population'? The Roman Catholic Church was regarded with hostility and suspicion by the authorities but nevertheless supported by the majority of the people, particularly outside Dublin, where the crown’s authority was weakest. Secondary Schools Listings , Church of Ireland . [15] The Border Reiver families were not known for their religiousness and the Reformation had made little impact on them. An Irish translation of the revised prayer book of 1662 was effected by John Richardson (1664–1747) and published in 1712. [31] Indeed, penal laws similar to those passed by the Irish Parliament, were imposed against Protestants in France and Silesia, but in these cases it was by a majority against a minority, which was not the situation in Ireland. Amongst these settlers were Protestant bishops who took over Catholic churches and dioceses. However, this met with hostility within the Church and was opposed even by those who had previously conformed. Erin has taught English and History. [32] Few Presbyterians seemed to choose returning to their native Scotland. We were firmly part of the community, as children loved and minded like others. [30] Some Huguenot congregations conformed to the Church of Ireland, though others maintained their own instilling some hostility from the established church. 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