doi: 10.2105/AJPH.2019, January 2020, Lettuce Help: USDA data on shipments of romaine lettuce can inform foodborne illness outbreak investigations and public health advisories, Beginning, Limited Resource, Socially Disadvantaged, and Female Farmers, Food Assistance Data & Collaborative Research Programs, Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP), International Consumer and Food Industry Trends, Trade Policy & World Trade Organization (WTO), International Food Security Assessment, 2020–30, Agricultural Resources and Environmental Indicators, 2019, Understanding Low-Income and Low-Access Census Tracts Across the Nation: Subnational and Subpopulation Estimates of Access to Healthy Food, ERS Coronavirus (COVID-19) Media Resources, Food Loss: Why Food Stays On the Farm or Off the Market, Developing Alternatives to Antibiotics Used in Food Animal Production, SNAP Redemptions Contributed to Employment During the Great Recession, Download higher resolution chart (2539 pixels by 2391, 300 dpi), Privacy Policy & Nondiscrimination Statement. USDA data on daily shipments of romaine lettuce can be used to determine which production regions are free from contamination during a foodborne illness outbreak. These data, reported by USDA’s Agricultural Marketing Service with a 1- or 2-day lag, provide essentially real-time information on produce shipped out to retailers. Planted area was estimated at 89,800 acres, down 12 percent from the previous year. Since 1930, the lettuce production area has increased by an average of more than 1600 acres each year [12]. U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) scientists in California have developed 16 new lettuce breeding lines. Sources include reporting from FAS’s worldwide offices, official statistics of foreign governments, and analysis of economic data and satellite imagery. You will receive announcements of our latest reports and other news as shown on the ERS calendar. All U.S. Standards are available on the Internet under the USDA homepage. The 2016 season average U.S. prices were $27.70 per hundred weight for head lettuce, $49.70 for leaf lettuce, and $31.20 romaine lettuce. Area harvested, at 87,900 acres, was down 12 percent from 2018. Earlier, Europe and North America were the leading producers of lettuce; however, since the late 20th century, lettuce’s production and consumption had spread throughout the world. Lettuce is the most popular of the salad crops and is of great commercial importance; first-time Lettuce cultivated in ancient Egypt. Nitrate leaching in lettuce production--may be difficult to interpret:: UC Salinas Valley Agriculture blog (April 2010) Phosphorus fertilizer management for lettuce production and water quality protection:: Crop Notes newsletter (Nov.-Dec. 2008) Powdery mildew of spring crops:: Ag Briefs newsletter (April 2011) Salads are a popular way to do this, and salads usually involve lettuce as the foundation. California accounted for 71 percent of U.S. head lettuce production in 2013, followed by Arizona producing nearly 29 percent. Salinas, California, in fact, is often referred to as “the salad bowl of the nation.”. Lettuce varieties are selected for specific planting periods and disease resistance. Shipments from Yuma returned to normal after November 26, when a new FDA advisory warned consumers to avoid romaine from California’s Central Coast. Partially Funded by USDA Rural Development. Lettuce was harvested and a profit was made. Today, almost all head lettuce is field-packed for bulk sale or for transport to a salad processing plant. California Agricultural Production Statistics 2019 Crop Year — Top 10 Commodities for California Agriculture. USDA data on daily shipments of romaine lettuce can be used to determine which production regions are free from contamination during a foodborne illness outbreak. Estimates suggest that about one-fourth of all iceberg lettuce is now destined for processing into prepackage salads. The average yield of head lettuce in 2015 was 36,200 pounds. It is labor-intensive, especially for harvest and post-harvest handling and packaging. ERS research found that Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP) redemptions were associated with increased local employment—with $10,000 of redemptions contributing to 0.4 additional urban jobs and 1.0 additional rural jobs. Highlights from our current and past research, Monday through Friday. Crop Acreage and Yield Crop Acreage and Yields USDA produces charts and maps displaying crop yields, crop weather, micromaps, and crop acreage animations. Although lettuce is produced in many states, California and Arizona dominate U.S. production. The names, words, symbols, and graphics representing Iowa State University are trademarks and copyrights of the university, protected by trademark and copyright laws of the U.S. and other countries. Vegetable data provide information to assist the Agricultural Marketing Service in the administration of market orders for tomatoes, celery, onions, lettuce… This replaces Market Inspection Instructions for Lettuce and Shipping Point Inspection Instructions for Lettuce dated July 1994. Although number of farms, value of production, acres used, and state production information are not available for 2016 and 2017, the value of lettuce production during 2017 is $1.5 billion. The University of Georgia farmland includes more than six acres of certified organic production area with field plots and a greenhouse at the Durham Horticulture Farm in Watkinsville, and provides students in the Certificate Program in Organic Agriculture with hands-on learning opportunities. USDA strives to sustain and enhance economical crop production by developing and transferring sound, research-derived, knowledge to agricultural producers that results in food and fiber crops that are safe for consumption. USDA-projected longrun developments for global agriculture reflect steady world economic growth and continued demand for biofuels, which combine to support increases in consumption, trade, and prices. In 2015, annual consumption of all types of lettuce was 25.8 pounds per person, of which 51 percent (13.3 pounds per person) was head lettuce. A profit of $ 840 was made. An Overview of Lettuce Production Systems and Cultivars Used in Hydroponics and Protected Culture in Florida 1 Natalie B. Parkell, Robert C. Hochmuth, and Wanda L. Laughlin 2 Lettuce ( Lactuca sativa ), a member of the sunflower family Asteraceae, follows only potatoes as the most widely grown fresh vegetable in the United States today. Growers that have a zero-tolerance for weeds in all crops prior to growing lettuce have lower weed pressure, and over time, the soil seedbank can be depleted. Since 1992, annual production of romaine lettuce has increased from … May 14, 2015. According to the USDA National Agricultural Statistics Service (NASS), lettuce was produced on 166,800 acres, down 7 percent from 2014, which may be attributed to the severe drought in California. Forecasts and estimates of farm sector income with component accounts: for the United States, 1910-2020F; and for States, 1949-2019. Leafy greens, including romaine lettuce, are the sixth most commonly consumed type of vegetable in the United States. Lettuce has been grown in the United States since colonial times. Among the 29 outbreaks of Shiga-toxin producing Escherichia coli (STEC) O157:H7 associated with romaine lettuce between 1998 and 2018, illnesses peaked in April and October, which corresponds with the tail end of harvest season in the two main romaine growing regions. 3. Categorized by food type, the USDA Foods Product Information Sheets describe the items expected to be available for schools and institutions participating in the Child and Adult Care Food Program, the National School Lunch Program, the Summer Food Service Program, and other child nutrition programs.. Lettuce can be used in drug production as it contains a milky fluid secreted by several species of lettuce—called lactucarium—and this has putative sedative and analgesic properties. Lettuce is of great demand since a profit was made. The indicators covered in this report provide assessments of important ch... State, metropolitan area, and micropolitan area estimates of access to healthy food, along with estimates of access for subpopulations. BD July 12, 2018 AgriBusiness No comments. Area harvested, at 120,300 acres, was down 14 percent from 2017. Based on most recent production and price averages, the estimated gross value per acre is approximately $10,400 for head lettuce. Spring mix and spinach are planted from January through October and harvest February through November. This represents a slight increase over reported cash receipts for 2018 1. This section houses ERS' multimedia offerings, including webinars. Page, American Journal of Public Health. Lettuce is produce year round in the U.S. Data have been provided to foreign governments interested in U.S. vegetable production and to extension specialists at land grant universities. Enterprise Budget for Butterhead Lettuce, Iowa State University Farm Food and Enterprise Development, Sample Production Costs for Wrapped Iceberg Lettuce (2010), National Retail Report: Fruits and Vegetables: Weekly Advertised Prices for Fruits and Vegetables at Major Retail Supermarket Outlets, USDA ERS: Vegetable ad Pulses Data (2017), State of the Plate: 2015 Study on America’s Consumption of Fruit and Vegetables. Many materials can be made available in alternative formats for ADA clients. Before sharing sensitive information online, make sure you’re on a .gov or .mil site by inspecting your browser’s address (or “location”) bar. Contents hide. A census conducted in 2012 recorded more than 59,000 farms, covering an area of 7,704,444 acres. Lettuce production in the United States is concentrated mostly in California and Arizona, where it is grown year-round. The January 2021 Wheat Outlook will analyze the 2020/21 WASDE supply and demand changes linked to new data released in three USDA NASS reports: Grain Stocks, Crop Production, and Winter Wheat and Canola Seedings. with well-balanced fertilizer with equal parts nitrogen, potassium and phosphate. SNAP-Ed also partners with others to bring EBT to more markets.This supports local agriculture and makes produce more available in communities. Lettuce is produce year round in the U.S. Updated December 2, 2020. Volume and prices reflect weekly marketing and supply chain conditions which can be affected by various factors including pests, weather, imports, exports, retail promotions, and labor disruptions. Total lettuce production in the U.S. in 2015 totaled 8,087 million pounds with 5.7% of domestic production of head lettuce exported and 10.9 percent of leaf/romaine exported. Journal of Integrative Agriculture 2020, 19(12): 2866–2876 RESEARCH ARTICLE Available online at www.sciencedirect.com ScienceDirect Impacts of the COVID-19 pandemic on vegetable production and countermeasures from an agricultural insurance perspective GU Hai-ying1, 2, WANG Chang-wei3 1 Antai College of Economics and Management, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, … Lettuce Production Guide. Todd, E.T. “Shiga toxin-producing Escherichia coli (STEC) O157:H7 and Romaine Lettuce: Source Labeling, Prevention, and Business, by Astill, G.M., F. Kuchler, J.E. The number of farms producing lettuce on 5 acres or less increased 38% between 2007 and 2012. Reducing food loss in produce—when fruits and vegetables are not eaten by consumers—is a priority for the USDA and other national and international food and environmental entities. The value of U.S. lettuce production in 2015 totaled nearly $1.9 billion, making lettuce the leading vegetable crop in terms of value. The animal pharmaceutical industry continues to develop new drugs, but a growing share are generic versions of existing animal drugs or are designed for companion animals (instead of food animals). (Not all prohibited bases apply to all programs.) Conclusion A profit was obtained from a venture of lettuce production. Business and Economic Concepts and Principles, Opportunities for Value-added Agriculture, Renewable Energy - Related Websites and News Sources, Ethanol - Related Websites and News Sources, Biodiesel - Related Websites and News Sources, Feedstocks - Related Websites and News Sources, Energy Efficiency - Related Websites and News Sources, Value-Added Grants Help Dairy Family Realize A Dream, Value-Added Grant Jumpstarts a Minnesota Creamery, Value-Added Grant Helps Iowa Creamery Expand, Value-Added Grant Helps Missouri Farm Focus on Quality Products, 2016 National Value Added Agriculture Conference, 2017 National Value Added Agriculture Conference. Hydroponics, or growing plants in a nutrient solution root medium, is a growing area of commercial food production and also is used for home food production by hobbyists. Although lettuce is produced in many states, California and Arizona dominate U.S. production. Lettuce Production Guide. (USDA ERS Yearbook Data, 2016) The percent of total consumption of head lettuce and leaf/romaine lettuce derived from imports was 6.9 percent and 5.4 percent, respectively. Learn about the state-of-the-art techniques for producing food in a controlled, soilless setting. California accounted for 71 percent of U.S. head lettuce production in 2013, followed by Arizona producing nearly 29 percent. Land clearing, mulching, mixing in of manure and Routine activities all contributed to the growth of lettuce. Fruits and veggies are at the core of SNAP-Ed. Federal government websites always use a .gov or .mil domain. **** **** Its high fiber but low nutrient value makes it an ideal vegetable for those who watch their diet. Fruits Types of Lettuce Produced. Monthly report on crop acreage, yield and production in major countries worldwide. Stay informed by subscribing to our e-mail notification service! Seedlings develop best under constant lighting conditions with specific, closely controlled temperature, relative humidity, carbon dioxide, and irrigation. Head lettuce:Total production in 2018 totaled 40.6 million cwt, down 18 percent from the 2017 total. California continues to be the leader in fresh vegetable production. Lettuce was grown for 6 weeks. Lettuce cultivation provides jobs in the Everglades Agricultural Area (EAA) to different stakeholders such as growers, seed companies, packing companies, labor contractors and families that work in these fields. Maria Production Activities Activity JFMAMJJASOND Planting 1 st crop 2nd crop Growing Harvesting Ground Preparation Mid season Year end Timeline is for iceberg lettuce; leaf lettuce and romaine harvest through November. The U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) prohibits discrimination in all its programs and activities on the basis of race, color, national origin, gender, religion, age, disability, political beliefs, sexual orientation, and marital or family status. An analysis conducted by the USDA’s Economic Research Service demonstrates how this information may allow the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) to rule out an entire production region as the source of contamination. Researchers at USDA’s Economic Research Service (ERS) studied the timelines of these three outbreaks and their investigations, along with romaine lettuce production and shipment data in the United States. © 2021 Ag Marketing Resource Center. by Gregory Astill, Jessica E. Todd, and Elina Page. These states also produce over 98 percent of the leaf lettuce in the U.S. The diversity of production and processing methods in the lettuce/leafy greens industry makes a single, universally applicable approach to food safety planning complicated. In 2019, California's farms and ranches received more than $50 billion in cash receipts for their output. Preventing the production of weed seed in the field before planting will reduce subsequent weeding costs during crop production. In 76 low- and middle-income countries, the number of food-insecure people is projected to increase by 83.5 million to 844.3 million in 2020 due to effects of COVID-19 on GDP. ERS compares the prices paid by consumers for food with the prices received by farmers for their corresponding commodities. Lettuce is categorized as two types: head (iceberg) and leaf, which includes romaine, butterhead, and leaf types. Receive announcements of our latest reports and other news as shown on the ERS calendar. Contact the Food and Drug Adminimstation (FDA) about the Food Safety Modernization Act (FSMA) You may contact FDA about FSMA by submitting an inquiry form.. Agricultural Trade Multipliers provide annual estimates of employment and output effects of trade in farm and food products on the U.S. economy. Many SNAP-Ed programs work in Farmers' Markets and promote produce. ERS research in this topic area focuses on the economic, social, spatial, temporal, and demographic factors that affect the poverty status of rural residents. From May to November, most romaine lettuce in the United States comes from California’s Central Coast region, whereas from December to April, most comes from the Yuma, Arizona region. In 2011, lettuce was grown on 206,000 acres in California, which represented 73% of the total U.S. acreage [11]. Juice Factories: Lettuce comes in handy in juice production as it contains liquid nutritional contents which are mostly consumed by gyms and fitness centres. 2. Vegetable Production in Pennsylvania Agriculture is a major industry in the US Commonwealth of Pennsylvania. Lettuce (Lactuca sativa L.) is the most popular salad vegetable. All rights reserved. Production Management. Leaf Lettuce are printed in the appendix of this handbook. ERS conducts research on USDA's child nutrition programs and their role in children's food security, diets, and well-being. Lettuce consumption was nearly the same in the previous three years, but down about 20 percent from ten years ago. This modified form is designed to facilitate questions that are specific to FSMA and its implementation. In other words, USDA shipment data can help FDA in outbreak investigations regarding romaine, the most recent of which occurred in the fall of 2019, and in directing consumers how to avoid illness from them. Once the seedlings emerge, a dose of fertilizer (kalachi) applied to maximize lettuce leaf production. USDA’s Economic Research Service: A Trusted Source for Farm Bill Research and Analysis. This monthly report includes data on U.S. and global trade, production, consumption and stocks, as well as analysis of developments affecting world trade in oilseeds. Nutrition educators do food demonstrations and hand out recipes. Agricultural Resources and Environmental Indicators, 2019, describes trends in economic, structural, resource, and environmental indicators in the agriculture sector. In the early 1900s, the ice shipping industry developed in the western states, expanding the range and popularity of lettuce. when apply the granular fertilizer in your lettuce patch, scatter the granules on the ground around your plants at about half the rate suggested by the manufactures. Planted area was estimated at 120,700 acres, down 15 percent from the previous year. The January 2021 Feed Outlook report contains estimates for 2019/20, and projections for the 2020/21 U.S. and global feed markets, based on the most current World Agricultural Supply and Demand Estimates. The Dairy Data files cover U.S. supply, demand, and trade for milk and major dairy products. In 2017 and 2018, there were three multistate, multinational foodborne illness outbreaks of STEC associated with the consumption of romaine lettuce that occurred at the tail end of either Yuma, Arizona or California’s Central Coast production seasons. In terms of annual eatings per capita, lettuce salads rank second only to   potatoes. The cost of lettuce production varies depending on the location. Lettuce production This lettuce production comes from one of the well known and popular in the market lettuce crop, Eden lettuce. 1.1 Nursery or Seedling production Area The first 11 days of lettuce production takes place in the seedling production area. In terms of production, the three largest vegetable crops are onions, head lettuce and watermelons. Lettuce varieties are selected for specific planting periods and disease resistance. Lettuce is a cool-season crop that grows best with moderate daytime temperatures (73oF) and cool nights (45oF). In total, the 2012 Census of Agriculture recorded 3,968 farms producing vegetables, covering an area of 49,397 acres. Eden lettuce, family of the iceberg, minetto and big Boston is vigorous and fast growing also it can be grown under fairly wet conditions. Romaine shipments from Yuma dropped after FDA issued an advisory to consumers to avoid all romaine on November 20. The latest available data and analysis of potential effects of the coronavirus (COVID-19) on U.S. commodity markets. In terms of value, the three largest crops are onions, tomatoes and sweet corn. These data, reported by USDA’s Agricultural Marketing Service with a 1- or 2-day lag, provide essentially real-time information on produce shipped out to retailers. The .gov means it’s official. Lettuce is a cool-season crop that grows best with moderate daytime temperatures (73oF) and cool nights (45oF). ERS studies programs such as the National School Lunch Program. Romaine lettuce:Total production in 2019 totaled 27.4 million cwt, down 6 percent from the 2018 total. To file a complaint of discrimination, write USDA, Office of Civil Rights, Room 326-W, Whitten Building, 14th and Independence Avenue, SW, Washington, DC 20250-9410 or call 202-720-5964. All lettuce is marketed as a fresh product. These outbreaks led to a total of 376 illnesses, 158 hospitalizations, and 7 deaths. Selected Weekly Vegetable Movement and Price describes the change in shipment volume, farm prices, and retail prices of select vegetables for the week noted. In fact, Americans are producing and eating a lot of lettuce; particularly romaine, leaf, and iceberg types. May 2004 This publication may be duplicated without authorization from USDA. These comparisons are reported for a variety of foods sold in retail food stores. The chart of daily shipments below reveals that romaine from Yuma was not the source of the fall 2018 outbreak as no romaine was shipped from Yuma until 3 weeks after the date of first illness on October 7. Lettuce is a crop cultivated in Florida which is the third lettuce producer across the United States of America. A salad processing plant National School Lunch Program leaf, and irrigation produced in many States, California and dominate. October and harvest February through November from a venture of lettuce production area with equal parts,! Materials can be made available in communities USDA ’ s economic research service: a Trusted for. 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